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Agreement Classification

The Indian Contract Act of 1872 examined cancelled contracts and cancelled agreements in Chapter 2. It offers five types of contracts based on validity or applicability. Some contracts are written, some are oral; Some are explicit, some are not. Since contracts can be created, expressed and applied in a variety of ways, a taxonomy of contracts has developed, which is useful for aggregation of legal consequences. In general, contracts are categorized into four different dimensions: explicit, reciprocal, opposability and degree of conclusion. The explicit is the degree to which the agreement is obvious to those who do not end up contracting party. Reciprocity takes into account whether they accept, whether they are given by two parties or by a single party. Applicability is the degree to which a binding contract is applied. Upon completion, it will be considered whether the contract has not yet been executed or whether the obligations of one or both parties have been fully fulfilled. We will look at each of these concepts one after the other. A contract is a legally enforceable agreement between two or more parties that explicitly indicates the respective rights, obligations, obligations or obligations that the parties agree to each other. The Indian Contract Act, 1872 (“The Act”), is the primary law that governs, regulates and imposes the law applicable to agreements and contracts. Normally, parties to a cancelled contract have the right to be returned to their original state.

Suppose you agree to buy your 17-year-old neighbor`s car. He`ll give it to you in exchange for your agreement to pay for it next week. He has the right to terminate the agreement and get the car back, in which case, of course, you will not have to pay it. If you have already paid for it, it may still definitely require a return to the status quo ante (previous situation). You have to return the car to him; It must return you the money. A contract is essentially a legally applicable agreement. It must create a certain legal obligation. Therefore, all contracts are agreements, but not all agreements are contracts. Informal contracts are the opposite, which is not a formal treaty. Informal contracts require no legal intervention and are often referred to as social contracts.

Oral agreements are a form of informal treaties, but they should only be concluded if both parties are trusted to keep their side of the agreement. An explicit contractA contract in words, orally or in writing. is a term in which the terms are formulated directly. Parties to an explicit contract, written or oral, are aware that they are entering into an enforceable agreement. For example, an agreement to buy your neighbor`s car for 5500 $US and take the title next Monday is an express contract. In addition to the above classification, there are other types of contracts. The quota contract is such a type. A formal contract is a legally binding written agreement between two parties, which can be enforced by law. Formal contracts include an offer, acceptance of this offer and terms and conditions for the materials related to the offer.

In a bilateral agreement, a promisor and a promise exchange identity cards. Examples of bilateral contracts are common in daily life. Bilateral contracts can be seen in retail purchases, medical visits or even when recording a book at the library. In all these situations, one party promises another party a particular action that essentially constitutes an unwritten agreement.