The Protect Colorado`s Vote campaign has filed more than 227,000 signatures in favor of a veto referendum to put Colorado`s NPVIC Bill, passed in March 2019, on the ballot paper to approve or reject voters. At least 124,632 signatures had to be valid. Referendum efforts ended the law`s entry into force until voters decided the fate of the law. Voters approved the measure, confirming legislation linking Colorado to the NPVIC.  The agreement, called the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact, invites states to allocate their votes to the winner of the national referendum as soon as a sufficient number of states join the agreement. Colorado voters have decided to draw up a growing list of states hoping to decide a president by referendum, the latest step in a national chess game on how the United States elects its presidents. In 2001, “two provocative articles” were published by law professors proposing ways to hold a national referendum through legislative measures, not constitutional amendments.  The first, a paper by Northwestern University law professor Robert W. Bennett, suggested that states could pressure Congress to pass a constitutional amendment by acting in concert to mortgage their votes to the winner of the national referendum.  Bennett noted that the 17th Amendment was passed only after states unilaterally adopted reform measures at the national level.
 Under the current system, the centre of gravity of the election campaign – in terms of spending, visits and attention to regional or governmental issues – is largely limited to the few Swing States, whose electoral results are competitive, with politically “strong” countries being mostly ignored by campaigns. The adjacent maps illustrate the amount spent on advertising by the two major party candidates in the latter part of the 2004 presidential campaign and the number of visits to each state, reported to the population. Supporters of the pact say a national referendum would encourage candidates to seek votes in competitive and non-competitive countries.  Critics of the pact argue that candidates would have less incentive to focus on smaller or fewer urban states and would therefore be less motivated to tackle rural problems.   “The feedback I received from my constituents was: what can we do about it? Why can`t we vote on the national referendum? ” said Don Wilson, a Republican, co-founder of the Coloradan vote and mayor of Monument, Colorado. Polls indicate that a majority or majority of Americans support a referendum on the president. The Gallup polls of 1944 showed that the majority of public opinion was in favour of a direct election.  A 2007 Washington Post and Kaiser Family Foundation poll showed that 72% supported replacing Electoral College with a direct election, including 78% of Democrats, 60% of Republicans and 73% of independent voters.  How do I do that? A national referendum in which candidates are expected to campaign in all 50 states.
In addition, five of our 45 presidents took office because of state law, all received by the victors, without winning the most popular votes in the entire country.