Without getting into the well-known rages of the nationalists when they led to a federal assembly in Philadelphia in 1787, it is nevertheless important to note that the partnership between Washington and Madison was the key that opened the door to the Congress chamber. On April 16, 1787, when Madison wrote in Washington after having “made in my mind some outlines of a new system, I allow myself to put it to your eye without apology.” In the 1820s and 1830s, James Madison had difficulty designing a “preamble” and “Sketch never finished nor applied” for a preface to his planned publication of his “Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787,” the convention that the U.S. Constitution had conceived. The fiftieth anniversary of this document was approaching as fast as Madison`s life slipped. Four of the five states to be ratified, including New Hampshire, Virginia and New York, contained similar languages in their ratification instruments. As a result, after the adoption of the Constitution, Congress sent a series of twelve amendments to the states. Ten of these amendments were immediately incorporated into the Bill of Rights. Both Hamilton and Madison argued that the Constitution did not need a Bill of Rights, that it would create a “parchment barrier” that would limit the rights of the people rather than protect them. But they finally made the concession and announced that they were ready to address the issue of the series of amendments that would become the Bill of Rights. Without this compromise, the Constitution might never have been ratified by the states. The “great compromise” allowed both through the installation of the House of Representatives, divided into population numbers, and the Senate, which represented the states in the same way. When the delegates of the Constitutional Convention met in Philadelphia in May 1787, they quickly decided to replace the articles of Confederation, not just revise them. Although James Madison is known as the “father of the Constitution,” George Washington`s support gave the Convention its hope of success.
Delegates of the Virginia Constitutional Convention, led by James Madison (1741-1836) and George Washington (1732-1799), developed a government plan that provided for proportional representation in bicameral legislation and a strong national government with veto power over state laws. The governor of Virginia, Edmund Randolph (1753-1813), who finally refused to sign the Constitution, presented the plan for the Convention on May 29, 1787.