By adopting the Algiers agreement, Ethiopia must withdraw its occupying forces from all areas attributed to Eritrea by the EEBC, including the city of Badme. Ethiopia also called on Eritrea to respond to the decision and work for lasting peace between the people of the two countries. Eritrea had accepted EEBC`s decision and refused to submit to further negotiations without Ethiopia first accepting the Commission`s decision. Each of the parties has filed applications with the Commission on its own behalf and on behalf of its nationals within one year of the agreement`s entry into force, and the Commission should, with some exceptions, be the only forum for such applications. In appropriate cases, the parties could file claims on behalf of persons of Eritrean or Ethiopian origin who were not nationals. In 2000, the two countries finally signed to settle their dispute with the Algiers agreement by an international tribunal. The ruling was rendered in 2003 as final and binding, in which Eritrea was designated as the main border town of Badme. The ruling gave a clear and binding limit on the entire border between the two countries. The delimitation could not take place, however, as Ethiopia provided a precondition for the border government and continued to occupy the territory of Eritrea. As a result, there was an “absence of war, no peace” for the next 16 years.
The Algiers Agreement was a peace agreement between the governments of Eritrea and Ethiopia, signed on 12 December 2000 in Algiers, Algeria, to formally end the Eritrean-Ethiopian war, a border war waged by the two countries from 1998 to 2000. In that agreement, the two sides reaffirmed the cessation of hostilities agreement signed on 18 June 2000.  The new 41-year-old Ethiopian Prime Minister, Dr. Abiy Ahmed, was elected to power primarily as a direct result of the endless protest against the repressive nature of the Ethiopian government, which came to power in 1991. Sixteen years after the ruling of the Egyptian Border Commission (EEBC), Dr Abiy said that Ethiopia had fully accepted the Algiers agreement without preconditions. As a result, Eritrea also sent a high-level delegation to Addis Ababa, the first diplomatic visit between the two countries since the war began in 1998. Ministers were greeted with much applause. The same goes for Dr Abiy, who was welcomed with the entire population of Asmara when he arrived a few days later in the Eritrean capital. This was followed by the visit to Ethiopia of the only Eritrean president since independence.
Like Dr. Abiy, on 14 July, President Isaias was greeted by millions of people in the capital, Addis Ababa. What seemed unthinkable four months ago brought so much joy and tears among the two peoples. However, in September 2007, Ethiopia considered Eritrea a violation of the agreement and warned that it could use it to terminate or suspend the agreement.  In December 2007, an estimated 4,000 Eritrean soldiers remained in the “demilitarized zone” and another 120,000 along the border. Ethiopia had 100,000 soldiers at its side.  Addis Ababa, 05/2018 – After a one-day meeting of the 36-member executive committee of the ruling EPRDF, Politburo said Ethiopia would fully accept the Algiers Agreement of 12 December 2000, a peace agreement between the Eritrean and Ethiopian governments that established a special border commission.