A collective dismissal or the closure of a company triggers several specific obligations for employers, including the requirement:  to attract opposition? Trends towards decentralisation in Europe`s best organised collective bargaining system: Belgium for the period 2012-2016, by Guy Van Gyes, Dries Van Herreweghe, Ine Smits and Sem Vandekerckhove (en multi-employer bargaining under pressure: decentralisation trends in five European countries, edited by Salvo Leonardi and Roberto Pedersini, ETUI, 2018) Belgium has a national minimum wage, which is governed by an agreement between trade unions and employers` organizations at national level negotiations within the National Labour Council. The amount also increases in line with the government`s revised price index. The state can play an important role in collective bargaining. A 1996 law allows it to link wage increases to the expected evolution of wages in Germany, France and the Netherlands, neighbours of Belgium, in order to preserve the country`s competitiveness. Negotiations at the national level take place within the framework of an official technical report containing this forecast and the government has the power to intervene if the two parties cannot agree on a figure within this limit. There is some evidence that the strict wage increase ceilings set in agreements concluded at national level have led to an increased use of bonuses negotiated at company level.  Arbitration agreements or arbitration clauses are non-binding. Workers may, at any time, bring a case before the labour courts. The industrial tribunals are for all labour disputes (for example.B. Termination of employment contracts, wages, equal treatment and unfair competition). In principle, they have no jurisdiction over collective disputes in matters of labour law.
However, they may impose a penalty for collective disputes and rights disputes. How can employers change existing employment contracts? There are also neutral criteria that do not specify how a person should be classified, including the title of the agreement and whether the person has registered with a social security institution, Crossroads Bank for Enterprises or VAT (the way income is reported for tax purposes). This does not mean, however, that this level of national negotiation did not matter at the time when there was no agreement, given that in recent years the government has set the conditions by law. In 2013-14, it unilaterally imposed a wage freeze, and in other years it imposed the terms of agreements that had only been accepted by some of the three confederations (only CSC/ACV in 2011-12 and only CSC/ACV and CGSLB/AVBCL in 2015-16 and 2019-20). The national minimum wage was €1,593.81 gross per month in the first quarter of 2019. However, joint committees often set higher minimum wages in sectoral collective agreements. Unlike most other European countries, wages are indexed in Belgium; It is rising. However, indexation mechanisms vary from one sector to another, in accordance with the corresponding collective agreement. . . .